Hope2012


History Lessons for the Anti-War Movement

History of US interventions – Cooperative Research / History Commons

 

Breaking the Nuremberg Code: The US Military’s Human Testing Program Returns – HeatherWokusch 3/6/08

EXCERPT: “The Pentagon is slated to release a suspected toxicant in Crystal City, Virginia this week, ostensibly to test air sensors. The operation is just the latest example of the Defense Department’s long history of using service members and civilians as human test subjects, often without their consent or awareness. Wray C. Forrest learned about the US military’s human-testing program the hard way. In 1973, the Army sent then 23-year-old Forrest to its Edgewood Arsenal chemical-research center in Maryland, promising patriotic service and a four-day work week. Instead, he became one of roughly 6,720 soldiers used as Edgewood Arsenal test subjects between 1950-1975.”

 

Everything you wanted to know about US foreign policy that history books neglect – HistoryIsAWeapon

Interactive map

 

History: A Century of War – review via MParent 2/11/08

 

Fighting back against war – stories from history – BitOfNews 8/28/07

Interesting historical tidbits, although I don’t agree with their conclusions.

 

Victories in the New Labor Movement – Alternet 10/24/07

 

The Danger of American Fascism – Henry Wallace, 1944 via New Deal Network

EXCERPTS: “A fascist is one whose lust for money or power is combined with such an intensity of intolerance toward those of other races, parties, classes, religions, cultures, regions or nations as to make him ruthless in his use of deceit or violence to attain his ends. The supreme god of a fascist, to which his ends are directed, may be money or power; may be a race or a class; may be a military, clique or an economic group; or may be a culture, religion, or a political party.”…
 
“If we define an American fascist as one who in case of conflict puts money and power ahead of human beings, then there are undoubtedly several million fascists in the United States. There are probably several hundred thousand if we narrow the definition to include only those who in their search for money and power are ruthless and deceitful. Most American fascists are enthusiastically supporting the war effort. They are doing this even in those cases where they hope to have profitable connections with German chemical firms after the war ends. They are patriotic in time of war because it is to their interest to be so, but in time of peace they follow power and the dollar wherever they may lead.”
 
“Fascism is a worldwide disease. Its greatest threat to the United States will come after the war, either via Latin America or within the United States itself.”… “The symptoms of fascist thinking are colored by environment and adapted to immediate circumstances. But always and everywhere they can be identified by their appeal to prejudice and by the desire to play upon the fears and vanities of different groups in order to gain power. It is no coincidence that the growth of modern tyrants has in every case been heralded by the growth of prejudice. It may be shocking to some people in this country to realize that, without meaning to do so, they hold views in common with Hitler when they preach discrimination against other religious, racial or economic groups. Likewise, many people whose patriotism is their proudest boast play Hitler’s game by retailing distrust of our Allies and by giving currency to snide suspicions without foundation in fact. The American fascists are most easily recognized by their deliberate perversion of truth and fact. Their newspapers and propaganda carefully cultivate every fissure of disunity, every crack in the common front against fascism. They use every opportunity to impugn democracy. They use isolationism as a slogan to conceal their own selfish imperialism. They cultivate hate and distrust of both Britain and Russia. They claim to be super-patriots, but they would destroy every liberty guaranteed by the Constitution. They demand free enterprise, but are the spokesmen for monopoly and vested interest. Their final objective toward which all their deceit is directed is to capture political power so that, using the power of the state and the power of the market simultaneously, they may keep the common man in eternal subjection.”

Lessons of Internment – Amy Goodman via Alternet 2/21/08

“At a time when the Bush Administration holds “enemy combatants” without charge, we have a lot to learn from history.”

 

Taking the Cure: How a group of British Columbian anarchists inspired democracy in Russia – Walrus Magazine 6/08

 

Kissinger’s 1974 plan for food control genocide – TehranTimes 3/18/08

EXCERPT: “On Dec. 10, 1974, the U.S. National Security Council under Henry Kissinger completed a classified 200-page study, “National Security Study Memorandum 200: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U.S. Security and Overseas Interests.” The study falsely claimed that population growth in the so-called Lesser Developed Countries – LDCs was a grave threat to U.S. national security. Adopted as official policy in November 1975 by President Gerald Ford, NSSM 200 outlined a covert plan to reduce population growth in those countries through birth control, and also, implicitly, war and famine. Brent Scowcroft, who had by then replaced Kissinger as national security adviser – the same post Scowcroft was to hold in the Bush administration, was put in charge of implementing the plan. CIA Director George Bush was ordered to assist Scowcroft, as were the secretaries of state, treasury, defense, and agriculture. “

 

The Vietnam Syndrome: Photo Expose on the Effects of Agent Orange – Vanity Fair 8/06

 

Animation of Civil War in Four Minutes – via ScienceBlogs 12/20/07

 

Lebanon Through the Ages – via BitOfNews

Part One: Ancient Lebanon – 10/23/07

Part Two: Medieval Lebanon – 11/8/07

Part Three: Early Modern Lebanon – 11/29/07

 

Scanned pictures from “Masquerade: The Amazing Camouflage Deceptions of WWII” – StrangeHarvest blog

 

Video: A Short History of Psychological Terror – 1 hr, YouTube 2/7/08

“Alfred McCoy, Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin, explores the history and use by the CIA of psychological torture in terms of how this particular form of torture was discovered, perfected and made legal.”

 

Video: A History of Evil – YouTube via BoingBoing 2/27/08

 

US began radiological warfare program in the 1950’s – USA Today 10/8/07

EXCERPT: “In one of the longest-held secrets of the Cold War, the U.S. Army explored the potential for using radioactive poisons to assassinate “important individuals” such as military or civilian leaders, according to newly declassified documents obtained by the Associated Press. Approved at the highest levels of the Army in 1948, the effort was a well-hidden part of the military’s pursuit of a “new concept of warfare” using radioactive materials from atomic bombmaking to contaminate swaths of enemy land or to target military bases, factories or troop formations. The top priorities listed were: 1 — Weapons to contaminate “populated or otherwise critical areas for long periods of time.” 2 — Munitions combining high explosives with radioactive material “to accomplish physical damage and radioactive contamination simultaneously.” 3 — Air and-or surface weapons that would spread contamination across an area to be evacuated, thereby rendering it unusable by enemy forces. The stated goal was to produce a prototype for the No. 1 and No. 2 priority weapons by Dec. 31, 1950. The 4th ranked priority was “munitions for attack on individuals” using radioactive agents for which there is “no means of therapy.”

This program is active and continuing to poison our Earth daily.

The Revenge of the Fighting Quaker: Gen. Smedley Darlington Butler – DamnInteresting 9/14/07

Auctioned: Book detailing the 1605 Gunpowder Plot by Guy Fawkes, romanticized in V for Vendetta.  Bound in human skin. – CatholicNewsService 11/28/07

EXCERPT: “it was common for the skins of executed criminals to be used to cover books about their lives, a process called anthropodermic binding… The book was made by Robert Barker, the king’s printer, just months after Father Garnet’s execution for his alleged involvement….Father Garnet had been acquainted with the plotters and had heard their confessions but he always insisted he strongly opposed their designs and tried to stop them. He was convicted of treason and was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered. Father Garnet went to his death pleading his innocence. Members of the crowd prevented the executioner from cutting him down from the scaffold until he was dead. Others pulled on his legs to hasten his end so that he would not have to endure the ensuing horrors.”
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